Optical, medical and surgical management of crossed, out-turned, and/or lazy eyes.
Strabismus is defined as the two eyes pointed in different directions. It is present in about 2% of the population, children and adults, and can be hereditary or due to serious eye or brain disease. It can seriously impact depth perception, result in double vision or amblyopia (poor vision in one eye despite glasses or contacts, i.e. “lazy eye”), and can have negative cosmetic and psychosocial impacts.
Medical advice should be sought as soon as possible to rule out life-threatening conditions and prevent permanent complications. At Ophthalmology Associates, we see patients of all ages. No child is too young for an eye exam.
Strabismus includes esotropia (eyes turned in), which may be “accommodative” (due to farsightedness), exotropia (eyes turned out), or hypertropia (one eye turned up relative to the other), or some combination of these.
Amblyopia (“lazy eye”) may be due to strabismus during childhood, or due to any disease of the eye, such as corneal dystrophy, cataract, glaucoma, retinal problems, optic nerve problems, and benign and malignant tumors, occurring during childhood.
These conditions have traditionally been treated by a combination of eye patching, glasses, and/or surgery; however, more recent research shows that eye drops may be substituted for the difficulties associated with patching, contact lenses and bifocal glasses may play a role even in young children, and vision therapy may be helpful in some conditions.