Nutritional/lifestyle management

In all stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – early (non-exudative or “dry”) and late (exudative or “wet”) – proper nutrition and lifestyle management play important roles in the treatment, and can cut the rate of progression in half.

Smoking cessation is key, since smoking is a significant risk factor. Weight loss is also important, since obesity contributes to AMD. Wearing sunglasses when outside may also be beneficial.

Nutritional management is surprisingly important in AMD. Various vitamins are recommended, in accordance with the results of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS-2), as well as vitamin D in some patients. As results of numerous current studies become available, vitamin therapy will certainly evolve. Certain foods and beverages may also complement vitamin use, and these may be discussed with you by our nutritional consultant.

For your convenience, Ophthalmology Associates makes many of these nutraceutical therapies available onsite and online. Please see our Products page for further details.